Addis Abeba is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia, located at the geographic center of the nation. Because of the 6 % population growth in Ethiopia and the lack of farmland, famines affect more people and as a result the young non educated people flee out of their social context and migrate to cities without the slightest chance to get a job. Addis Abeba with an estimated population of 5 Million people and an average income of about 1 $ per day is composed of slums (80%). The livelihood of the inhabitants is directly connected to the economy, which is totally dependent on the periodical return of the rainy seasons. Its disturbance through climate change increases the vulnerability of the people in the cities.
The access to fresh water is a big problem too. The majority of the Ethiopians have to transport freshwater for hours, which is mostly contaminated and weakens the health of the people. An additional amount of working capacity is wasted through the individual procurement of energy for cooking, where in Ethiopia wood is mainly collected from the peripheral area which increases the environmental damage leading to climate change. Expected activities will include hazard scenarios of drought, desertification and floods, vulnerability of slums and life-lines, and other activities.
Addis Ababa City Administration